The Antarctica is a land of extreme conditions and it is known for its extremely cold climate. But even with its extremes, there is plenty of animal life that thrive well in this region. And just like the penguins that are popularly known to survive in the Antarctica, all these other animals adapted to this climate are also eye catching. Most of these animal lives revolve around the cold seas and this list gives a number of animals worth visiting the Antarctica to have a glimpse at.
The blue whales
Whales are known for their size that is scary at times to those who have never laid eyes on one. Although not exclusive to the Antarctica, they are one of the animals that can survive in this region. On average a fully grown blue whale is 30 metres long and close to 200 tonnes in weight. Its heart alone is the size of a small car. The blue whales narrowly escaped extinction due to whaling practices. Before this practice the Antarctica had an estimated number of 200000 blue whales. A greater number was lost around the year 1996 when their number dropped up to 400. Currently there are 2000 blue whales in the Antarctic ocean.
The wondering albatross has the longest wingspan that no other bird has on his planet. It is an impressive sight to have a look at especially with an Antarctic backdrop. Its wing size enables it fly to very vast destinations with minimum energy. Besides their wings, another fascinating fact about these animals is that ones they find a mate, they stick together for life. They are commonly found in the sub Antarctic regions particularly on exposed ridges of the Prince Edward Island and South Georgia. The number of these animals are however on a decline due to longline fishing hooks and their slow breeding process.
Of all the penguin breeds, the emperor is the most recognisable in the Antarctic. It gives a true picture of this are when you imagine travelling to this place. They are cute and slightly big weighing up to 30 kilograms. The golden feathers on the side of their heads make them easily identifiable. Their entire life is spent on the sea ice where they live and breed making them the only birds on this planet that never set foot on land.
Perhaps they could be the smallest animals in the Antarctic region. They have an outstanding beauty that would keep your eyes glued. They are as white as snow safe for their eyes and beaks that are black. They are about the same size as pigeons and despite their small size they still withstand the cold climate in the Antarctic and live up to 20 years.
Its name is derived from its spots that are reminiscent with those of a leopard. And just like their leopards, the leopard seals are fierce predators that feed on other small seals, fish, squids and penguins. It is relatively big weighing up to 500 kgs.