Safety in airlines is of utmost importance. The main reason for this is the number of passengers that uses airlines for daily travel. Safety of an airline should be considered every time and not only at times of horrific accidents only. It not only assures the safety of the passengers on the airline but also those who are working on the ground as well. Every government has their own authority to overlook aviation safety. These authorities handle education, pilot and navigator certification, rating of pilots and all the mechanisms used in aviation. Aviation safety has a huge impact on the economy, since the public will be hesitant to fly every time there an air traffic accident which will lead to downfall of businesses and later that of the country.
There are many safety issues that are prevailing in aviation. These are as follows,
Loss of Control In-Flight
Most commonly known as LOC-I results in more accidents for business and commercial operations than any other issue. The basic idea of LOC-I is the inability of the pilot to control the airplane using traditional piloting techniques.
This is the overrun from the runway surface by an airplane. It occurs during landing or takeoff due to many factors such as unstable approaches or unsuitable runways. All the parties like pilots, air traffic controllers, airport authorities are responsible for this.
The other safety hazards that affect airline safety except the above are fatigue which affects all aviation personnel since operations in aviation require 24-hour activity that include shift work, night work and irregular working hours which leads to lack of performance which increases the risk of safety. Non-compliance to procedure is by any worker also helps increase the risk of safety. Inability to manager the technology and having distractions during working further leads to lack of safety in airlines. The accident rate in single pilot aircrafts is higher, and needs highly skilled pilots to carry out the tasks. Birds and wildlife pose a huge threat too for airline safety. During flying the pilots do not see other planes coming at them so ground handling of airplanes is necessary in order to avoid major disasters.
All of the above aviation safety issues can be minimized by personal discipline, following procedures, proper leadership, and physical fitness of all the workers, correct education, and good work place etiquettes which ensures maximum output through a workplace without any distractions.
Airlines which have the best aviation safety considering the above issues are ranked annually. The safest airlines to travel are ranked in many ways considering different sources. The rankings of the AirlineRating.com which is an independent plane safety and product rating website is as follows.
The safest airline according to the above website is Qantas which was ranked the safest for the 4 years in a row. The other airlines in the top 20 list of that website are Air New Zealand, Alaska Airlines, All Nippon Airways, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Hawaiian Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Finnair, EVA Air, Japan Airlines, KLM, Lufthansa, United Airlines, Scandinavian, Singapore Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Etihad Airways, Swiss and Virgin Australia.